On adnominal clauses in Shuri Okinawan

 

HANAZONO Satoru

 

Adnominal clauses in Okinawan have not been investigated that much possiblly because adnominal clauses in Okinawan have been regarded very similar to those of Japanese.

In adnominal clauses in Okinawan, two types are distinguished as follows like in Japanese. The first type is "inner relation" adnominal, which is made from the original sentence by moving the head noun to the final position of the sentence (as is shown in (1) and (2)).

 

   (1)        ʔunu   wikiga-nu   ʔiyu   jacuN   [That man roasts a fish]

             that           man-GEN           fish  roast-IND

   (2)        ʔiyu  jacuru   wikiga.   [a man who roasts a fish]

                         fish     roast-ATT        man

Contrastively, in "outer relation" adnominal, the head noun can not be fit into the modifying part, no matter what case particles one may attach to it.

 

   (3)        ʼiyu   jacuru   kadza   [the smell which comes form a roasted fish]

            fish     roast-ATT      small

In this paper I collected exapmles of "inner relation" adnominals from folklore tales in Okinawan, and elicitation from native speakers of Shuri, and investigeted the usage of "internal adnominal" clauses in Shuri Okinawan.